Persepsi Masyarakat (Mindo Tua Siagian)

PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT
TERHADAP KERAMBA JARING APUNG MASYARAKAT
DI DANAU TOBA

PUBLIC PERCEPTION 
TO COMMUNITIES FLOATING FISH CAGE 
AT LAKE TOBA

Mindo Tua Siagian
Sekolah Pascasarjana PSL USU
Jalan Mansyur, Medan
Email: siagianmindotua@gmail.com


Abstrak: Perairan danau memiliki karakteristik khusus yang menyangkut sifat milik bersama masyarakat (common property) dan multi sektoral, serta sangat terbuka terhadap dampak pengaruh dari berbagai aktivitas di daerah tersebut. Danau Toba, yang merupakan danau terbesar di Indonesia, memiliki kondisi yang sama. Untuk pemanfaatan bersama yang berkesinambungan serta untuk menjaga keseimbangan ekologisnya, diperlukan peran serta masyarakat sebagai subjek yang memiliki aktivitas di Danau Toba. Kegiatan budidaya ikan di dalam karamba jaring apung (KJA) telah berkembang di beberapa danau di Indonesia, diantaranya Danau Toba. Kegiatan KJA di perairan danau telah memberikan dampak positif secara ekonomi, karena memberikan nilai tambah bagi sumberdaya perairan. Namun demikian pada sisi lain, kegiatan KJA di perairan danau sangat rawan terhadap masalah pelestarian lingkungan, selain mendorong timbulnya konflik kepentingan. Pengembangan KJA di Danau Toba harus memperhatikan kapasitas daya dukungnya yang tidak mengancam kegiatan pariwisata yang merupakan andalan pariwisata nasional.Sebagai bagian dari aktivitas yang ada di Danau Toba, perlu diketahui persepsi masyarakat tentang kehadiran KJA masyarakat di Danau Toba. Dari hasil penelitian, hampir seluruh masyarakat di sekitar KJA masyarakat merasakan adanya perubahan kualitas air dari segi warna, bau dan rasa, walaupun mereka meyadari bahwa KJA memberikan dampak positif bagi penghasilan masyarakat. 

Kata kunci: Danau Toba, keramba jaring apung, masyarakat, dan persepsi.


Abstract: Lake waters have special characteristics related to the nature of the common property and multi-sectoral, and are open to the influence of the impact of various activities in the area. Lake Toba, which is the largest lake in Indonesia, has the same condition. For use with continuous as well as to maintain the ecological balance, which need the role of the community as a subject that has activities in Lake Toba. Fish farming activities in the floating fish cage has been developed in several lakes in Indonesia, such as Lake Toba. Floating fish cage activities in the waters of the lake have given a positive impact on the economy, because it adds more value to the water resources. However, on the other hand, Floating fish cage activities in the waters of the lake are highly vulnerable to environmental issues, in addition to encourage the emergence ofa conflict of interest.The development of floating fish cage at LakeToba must consider the carrying capacity that does not threaten the tourism activity which is the mainstay of national tourism. As partof the activity in Lake Toba, it is needed to know about the public perception about the floating fish cage attendance in Lake Toba. From the research, almost all of people in the community feel about floating fish cage changes in water quality in terms of color, smell and taste, although they recognize that floating fish cage give a positive impact on people's incomes.

Keywords: Lake Toba, floating fish cage, community, and perception.

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Lingkungan Tropis,
Sep 27, 2014, 6:37 PM
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