Peranan Infrastruktur (Apriyan Dinata)

PERANAN INFRASTRUKTUR DI DALAM PEMBANGUNAN
KOTA BERKELANJUTAN 

THE ROLE OF INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE SUSTAINABLE CITY

Apriyan Dinata
Fakultas Teknik, Program Studi Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota
Universitas Islam Riau, Pekanbaru 
Jalan Kaharuddin Nasution, Pekanbaru Propinsi Riau
Email: apriyan_dinata@yahoo.com; apriyandinata@gmailcom 


Abstrak: Infrastruktur adalah salah satu aspek yang sangat penting di dalam pembangunan kota, terlebih lagi di era modern masa kini. Hampir semua kota yang ada di dunia, termasuk kota-kota di negara berkembang berlomba-lomba memperbaiki kualitas infrastruktur dalam rangka efisiensi aktivitas ekonomi, sosial dan mempertingkatkan kesehatan lingkungan. Selain itu, infrastruktur yang memadai dan berkualitas juga merupakan salah satu faktor utama pemodal asing untuk menanamkan modalnya di suatu tempat. Kini, dengan isu pemanasan global dan degradasi sumber daya alam yang semakin mengkhawatirkan telah memunculkan ide dan konsep infrastruktur ramah lingkungan di dalam pembangunan kota dan wilayah. Makalah ini akan membahas tentang peranan penting infrastruktur dalam pembangunan kota, terutama ditinjau dari kesehatan lingkungan dan kesehatan manusia, untuk dapat mewujudkan kualitas hidup hakiki di perkotaan. Model perencanaan terpadu yang memberikan perhatian terhadap aspek ekonomi, sosial dan ekologi secara seimbang dan harmonis adalah suatu kemestian. Penglibatan dan kerjasama aktif para ahli dari multi disiplin yang berkait dengan pembangunan kota mutlak diperlukan. Perlu perubahan paradigma perencanaan pembangunan kota dan wilayah di era globalisasi dan degradasi lingkungan serta sumber daya alam, khususnya isu pemanasan global yang berimplikasi secara langsung terhadap perubahan iklim global.

Kata kunci: perencanaan, infrastuktur ramah lingkungan, pembangunan berkelanjutan, kota, dan kualitas hidup.


Abstract: Infrastructure is one very important aspect in the development of the city, especially in the modern era. Almost all the cities in the world, including cities in developing countries are competing infrastructure in order to improve the efficiency of economic activities, social and environmental health. In addition, adequate and quality infrastructure is also one of the main factors of foreign investors to invest capital somewhere. Now, with the issue of global warming and degradation of natural resources has led to an increasingly idea and concept of sustainable infrastructure in the city and regional development. Implementation of sustainable infrastructure is the elaboration of the concept of sustainable development, is an alternative that is not negotiable in an attempt to environmental sustainability and improved quality of life in urban areas. This paper will discuss the important role of infrastructure in the development of the city, particularly in terms of environmental as well as human health, to be able to realize the intrinsic quality of life in urban areas.Integrated planning model that gives attention to the aspects of economic, social and ecological balance and harmony is a necessity.The active involvement and cooperation of multi-disciplinary experts related to the development of the city is absolutely necessary. In this context, the experts especially civil engineers (civil engineers) and architects to consider more carefully the achievement of sustainable development. Need to change the paradigm of urban development and regional planning in the era of globalization and environmental degradation as well as natural resources, in particular the issue of global warming implications directly to global climate change.

Keywords: planning, sustainable infrastructure, sustainable development, city, and quality of life.

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Lingkungan Tropis,
Sep 27, 2014, 6:22 PM
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